Published on December 30th, 2017 | by Georgia Archonti0
Ireland: Court of Appeal rules that applicant was not afforded a fair procedure by the Refugee Appeals Tribunal
On 15 November 2017, the Irish Court of Appeal ruled in case BW v. Refugee Appeals Tribunal & Others, which concerned a Nigerian woman who arrived in Ireland in 2007 and who applied for asylum in September 2011 following her arrest for failure to produce documentation. In her asylum interview before the Office of the Refugee Applications Commissioner (ORAC), she claimed that her husband was the leader of a political group called “the Asatoro group”, that he had been killed by supporters of the government and that she had received death threats due to her husband’s involvement with that group. Her application was rejected due to a lack of credibility.
She appealed against this decision before the Refugee Appeals Tribunal, but due to her delay to lodge her asylum application her appeal was a papers-only appeal as per the Refugee Act 1996. The Tribunal rejected her appeal and considered that, cumulatively, the applicant had not offered a credible account of the facts.
However, the Court of Appeal found that the applicant had not been afforded a fair procedure since she was not given the opportunity to address concerns that were of critical matter and material to her credibility (e.g. a newspaper article corroborating her description of her husband’s death and questions regarding the absence of a marriage certificate). Therefore, the Court of Appeal quashed the decision of the Tribunal.
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