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*PIL Case Law

Published on January 22nd, 2018 | by Olga Papadopoulou

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CJEU C-649/16, Reg.1215/2012, Action for liability in tort against the members of a committee of creditors

C-649/16,

Peter Valach, Alena Valachová, SC Europa ZV II a.s., SC Europa LV a.s., VAV Parking a.s., SC Europa BB a.s., Byty A s.r.o.

V.

Waldviertler Sparkasse Bank AG, Československá obchodná banka a.s.,

Stadt Banská Bystrica,

JUDGMENT OF THE COURT (First Chamber), 20 December 2017 (*)

Reference for a preliminary ruling — Judicial cooperation in civil matters — Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 — Scope — Action for liability in tort against the members of a committee of creditors which rejected a restructuring plan in insolvency proceedings

In those circumstances, the Oberster Gerichtshof (Supreme Court) decided to stay the proceedings and to refer the following question to the Court for a preliminary ruling:

‘Is Article 1(2)(b) of Regulation … No 1215/2012 … to be interpreted as meaning that an action based on a claim for damages in tort against members of a committee of creditors because of their unlawful conduct in voting on a restructuring plan in insolvency proceedings, brought by the holders of shares in the insolvent company — as is the case of [Mr Valach and Mrs Valachová] — and by project companies in a business relationship with the insolvent company — as is the case of [SC Europa ZV II, SC Europa LV, VAV Parking, SC Europa BB and Byty A] — concerns insolvency within the meaning of Article 1(2)(b) of Regulation No 1215/2012 and is therefore excluded from the scope ratione materiae of that regulation?

On those grounds, the Court (First Chamber) hereby rules:

Article 1(2)(b) of Regulation (EU) No 1215/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters must be interpreted as meaning that it applies to an action for liability in tort brought against the members of a committee of creditors because of their conduct in voting on a restructuring plan in insolvency proceedings, and that such an action is therefore excluded from the scope ratione materiae of that regulation.

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